A systematic review was undertaken to examine the extent of inequalities in prostate cancer outcomes based on geographic location and other indicators of disadvantage (e.g. socio-economics, literacy). Consistent patterns identified by the review were that PSA testing was more common in urban and affluent areas; prostate cancer incidence was higher in urban and affluent areas; men in rural and disadvantaged areas had greater risk of advanced stage prostate cancer and higher prostate cancer mortality; and men in urban and affluent areas had higher survival and greater access or use of definitive treatment services.
- Published journal article – Baade PD, Yu XQ, Smith DP, Dunn J, Chambers SK. Geographic disparities in prostate cancer outcomes: review of international patterns. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2015; 16(3):1259-1275.